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Paine. The crisis number one these are the times that try mens souls. The the summer soldier in the sunshine patriot will in this crisis shrink from the service.
Their country. But he who stands by it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman tyranny. Like hell is not easily conquered.
Yet we have this consolation with us that the harder the conflict the more glorious. The triumph. What we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly it is dearness only that gives everything its value heaven.
Knows how to put a proper price upon its goods and it would be strange indeed. If so celestial. An article as freedom should not be highly rated britain with an army to enforce her tyranny.
Has declared that she has a right not only to tax. But to bind us in all cases whatsoever and if being bound in that manner is not slavery. Then there is not such a thing as slavery upon the earth.
Even the expressionism pious for so unlimited a power can belong. Only to god whether the independence of the continent was declared too soon or declared or delayed too long. I will not now enter into and as an argument.
My own simple opinion is that had it been eight months earlier. It would have been much better. We did not make a proper use of last winter.
Neither could we while we were in a dependent state. However the fault if it were one was all our own we have known to blame. But ourselves.
But no great deal is lost yet all that howe has been doing for the last month is rather a ravaged than a conquest which the spirit of the jerseys. A year ago would have quickly repulsed in which time and a little resolution will soon recover. I have as little superstition in me as any man living.
But my secret opinion has ever been and still is that god almighty will not give up a people to military destruction or leave them unsupported leave to perish who have so earnestly and so repeatedly sought to avoid the calamities of war by every decent method which wisdom could invent neither have i so much of the infidel in me as to suppose that he has relinquished the government of the world and given us up to the care of devils and as i do not i cannot see on what grounds. The king of britain can look up to heaven for help against us. A common murderer.
A highwayman or a housebreaker has as good a pretense as he too surprising to see how rapidly a panic will sometimes run through a country all nations and ages have been subject to them britain has trembled like an ague at the report of a french fleet of flat. Bottomed boats and in the 14th century. The whole english army after ravaging.
The kingdom of france was driven back like men petrified with fear. And this brave exploit was performed by a few broken forces collected and headed by a woman joan of arc. What would that heaven might inspire some jersey made to spirit up her countrymen and save her fellow sufferers from ravaged and ravaged ment.
Yet panics in some cases have their uses they produce as much good as hurt their duration is always short the mind soon grows through them and acquires a firmer habit than before. But their peculiar advantage is that they are the touchstones of sincerity and hypocrisy and bring things and men to light which might otherwise have lain forever undiscovered in fact they have the same effect on secret traders with an imaginary apparition. Absurd.
Which an apparition would have upon a private murderer. They sift out the hidden thoughts of man and hold them up in public to the world.
Many of the skies. Too whorey has lately shown his head that shall penitential ii solemn nihs with curses the day on which how arrived upon the delaware. I i was with the troops at fort lee and marched with them to the edge of pennsylvania.
I am well acquainted with many circumstances which those who live at a distance know. But little or nothing of our situation. There was exceedingly cramped.
The place being a narrow neck of land between the north river and the hackensack. Our force was in considerable being not one fourth soaked great as how could bring against us. We had no army at hand to relieve the garrison had we shut ourselves up and stood on our defense our ammunition light artillery and the best part of our stores have been removed on the apprehension that how would endeavor to penetrate the jerseys in which case fort lee could be of no use to us for it must occur to every thinking man whether in the army or not that these kind of field forts are only for temporary purposes and last in use no longer than the enemy directs his force against the particular object.
Which such forts are raised to defend such was our situation and condition at fort lee on the morning of the 20th of november. When an officer arrived with information that the enemy with 200 boats had landed about seven miles above major general nathanael greene. Who commanded the garrison immediately ordered met them under arms and sent expressed to general washington at the town of hackensack distant by the way of the ferry about six miles our first object was to secure the bridge over the hackensack which laid up the river between the enemy and us about six miles from us and three from them general washington arrived in about three quarters of an hour and marched at the head of the troops toward the bridge.
Which place i expected. We should have a brush for however they did not choose to dispute it with us. And the greatest part of our troops went over the bridge.
The rest over the ferry. Except some which passed at a mill mill on a small creek between the bridge and the ferry and made their way through some marshy grounds up to the town of hackensack and there passed the river we brought off as much baggage as the wagons wagons could contain the rest was lost. The simple object was to bring off the garrison and march them until they could be strengthened by the jersey or pennsylvania militia.
So as to be enabled to make a stand we stayed for days in newark collected. Our outposts with some of the jersey militia and marched out twice to meet the enemy on being informed that they were advancing though our numbers were greatly inferior to theirs how in my little opinion committed a great error in general ship and not throwing a body of forces off from staten island through amboy. By which means.
He might have seized all our stores at brunswick and intercepted our march into pennsylvania. But if we believe the power of hell to be limited. We must likewise believe that their agents are under some providential control.
I shall not now attempt to give all the particulars of our retreat to the delaware suffice. It for the present to say that both officers and men though greatly harassed and fatigued frequently without rest covering or provision. The inevitable consequences of a long retreat.
Bore. It with a manly and martial spirit all their wishes centered in one which was that the country would turn out and help them to drive the enemy back voltaire has remarked that king william never appeared to full advantage. But in difficulties and inaction.
The same remark may be made on general washington for the character fits him there is a natural firmness in some minds. Which cannot be unlocked by trifles. But which when unlocked discovers a cabinet of fortitude and i reckon it among those kind of public blessings which we do not immediately.
See that god hath blessed him with uninterrupted health and given him a mind that can flourish upon care. I shall conclude this paper with some miscellaneous remarks on the state of our affairs and shall begin with asking the following question. Why is it that the enemy have left the new england.
Provinces and made these middle ones. The seed of war. The answer is easy new england is not infested with tories and we are i have been tender and raising the cry against these men and used numberless arguments to show them their danger.
But it will not do to sacrifice a world either to their folly or their baseness. The period has now arrived in which either they or we must change our sentiments or one or both must fall.
And what is a tory good god. What is he i should not be afraid to go with a hundred whigs against a thousand tories were they to attempt to get into arms every tory is a coward for servile slavish self interested fear as the foundation of toryism and a man under such influence. Though he be cruel can never be brave.
But before the line of irrecoverable separation. Be drawn between us let us reason. The matter together your conduct is an invitation to the enemy.
Yet not one in a thousand of you has hard enough to join him houses much deceived by you as the american cause is injured by you he expects you will take up arms and flock to his standard with muskets on your shoulders your opinions are of no use to him unless you support him personally for his soldiers and not tories that he wants i once felt all that kind of anger. Which a man ought to feel against the mean principles that are held by the tories. A noted one who kept a tavern at amboy was standing at his door with his pretty a child in his hand about eight or nine years old as i ever saw and after speaking his mind as freely as he thought prudent finished with this unfairly expression well give me peace in my day.
Not a man lives on the continent. But fully believes that a separation must some time or other finally take place and a generous parent should have said if there must be trouble let it be in my day. That my child may have peace and this single single reflection well applied is sufficient to awaken every man to duty not a place upon the earth might be so happy as america her situation.
Her situation is remote from all the wrangling world and she has nothing to do but trade with them a man can distinguish himself between temper and principle and i am as confident as i am that god governs the world that america will never be happy till. She gets clear of foreign dominion wars. Without ceasing will break out till that period arrives and the continent.
Must in the end be conqueror for though the flame of liberty may sometimes cease to shine the coal can never expire. America did not nor does not want force. But she wanted a proper application of that force wisdom is not the purchase of a day.
And it is no wonder that we should err at the first setting off from an excess of tenderness. We were unwilling to raise an army and trusted our cause to the temporary defense of a well meaning militia. His summers experience has now taught us better yet with those troops while they were collected.
We were able to set bounds to the progress of the enemy. And thank god they are again assembling. I always considered militia as the best troops in the for a sudden exertion.
But they will not do for a long campaign. How it is probable. Well make an attempt on this city by which he means philadelphia should he fail on this side the del the delaware.
He is ruined if he succeeds our cause is not ruined he stakes all on his side against a part of ours admitting he succeeds. The consequence will be that armies from both ends of the continent will march to assist their suffering friends in the middle states for he cannot go everywhere. It is impossible.
I consider how is the greatest enemy. The tories have he is bringing a war into their country. Which had it not been for him and partly for themselves.
They had been clear of should he now be expelled. I wish with all the devotion of a christian that the names of whig and tory may nevermore be mentioned. But should the tories give him encouragement to come or assistance.
If he come. I sincerely wish that our next years arms may expel them from the continent and the cotton congress appropriate their possessions to the relief of those who have suffered in well doing a single successful battle next year will settle the whole america could carry on a two years war by the confiscation of the property of disaffected persons. And be made happy by their expulsion say not that this is revenge call it rather the soft resentment of a suffering people who having no object in view.
But the good of all have staked their own all upon a seemingly doubtful event. Yet.
It is folly to argue against determined hardness eloquence may strike the ear and the language of sorrow. Draw forth the tear of compassion. But nothing can reach the heart.
That is steeled with prejudice quitting this class of men. I turn with the warm ardor of a friend to who those who have nobly stood and are yet determined to stand the matter out i call not upon a few but upon all not on this state or that state. But on every state up and help us lay your shoulders to the wheel.
Better to have too much force than too little when so great an object is at stake. Let it be told to the future world that in the depth of winter when nothing but hope and virtue could survive that the city in the country alarmed at one common danger came forth to meet and to repulse. It say not that thousands are gone turn out your tens of thousands throw not the burden of the day upon providence.
But show your faith by your works that god may bless you it matters not where you live or what rank of life you hold the evil or the blessing will reach you all the fear the far in the near the home counties in the back. The rich in the poor will suffer or rejoice alike. The heart that feels not now is dead.
The blood of his children will curse his cowardice who shrinks back at a time when a little might had it might have saved the whole and made them happy i love the man that can smile in trouble that can gather strength from distress. And grow brave by reflection tis. The business of little minds to shrink.
But he whose heart is firm and whose conscience approves his conduct will sue his principles unto death my own line of reasoning is to myself. As straight and clear as a ray of light. Not all the treasures of the world.
So far. As i believed could have induced me to support an offensive war for i think it murder. But a thief who breaks into my house burns and destroys.
My property and kills or threatens to kill me or those that are in it and to bind me in all cases whatsoever to his absolute will am. I to suffer. It what signifies it to me whether he who does it as a king or a common man.
My countrymen are not my countrymen whether it is done by an individual villain or an army of them if we reason to the root of things we shall find no difference. Neither can any just cause be assigned. Why we shouldnt punish in the one case and pardon in the other let them call me rebel and welcome.
I feel no concern from it. But i should suffer the misery of devils. Where i to make a whore of my soul by swearing allegiance to one whose character is that of a saudis stupid stubborn worthless brutish man.
I conceive likewise a horrid idea and receiving mercy from a being who at the last day shall be shrieking to the rocks and mountains to cover him and fleeing with terror from the orphan. The widow and the slain of america there are cases which cannot be overdone by language and this as one there are persons to who see not the full extent of the evil. Which threatens they solvus themselves with hopes that the enemy.
If he succeed will be merciful. It is the madness of folly to expect mercy from those who have refused to do justice. And even mercy.
Where conquest is the object is the only a trick of war. The cunning of the fox is as murderous as the violence of the wolf and we ought to guard equally against both house. First object is partly by threats and partly by promises to terrify or seduce.
The people to deliver up their arms and receive mercy. The ministry recommended the same plan to gage and this is what the tories call making their peace.
A peace which passeth all understanding indeed. A peace. Which would be the immediately forerunner of a worse ruin than any we have yet thought of a men of pennsylvania.
Do reason upon these things were the back counties to give up their arms. They would fall an easy prey to the indians who are all armed. This perhaps is what some tories would not be sorry for where the home counties to deliver up their arms.
They would be exposed to the resentment of the back counties who would then have it in their power to chastise their defection at pleasure. And where any one state to give up its arms. That state must be garrison by all house army of britons and hessians to preserve it from the anger of the rest.
Mutual fear is the principle link in the chain of mutual love and will be to the state that breaks the compact. How is mercifully inviting you to barbarous destruction and men must be either robes or fools. That will not see it i dwell not upon the vapors of imagination.
I bring reason to your ears and in language. As plain as abc hold up the truth to your eyes. I thank god that i fear not i see no real cause for fear.
I know our situation. Well and can see the way out of it while the army was collected how dare not risk. A battle.
And it is no credit to him that he decamped from the white plains and waited a mean opportunity to ravage the defenseless jerseys. But his great credit to us that with a handful of men we sustained an orderly retreat for near a hundred miles brought off our ammunition. All our field pieces.
The greatest part of us and had four rivers to pass. None can say that our retreat was precipitant four. We were near three weeks and performing it that the country might have some time to come in twice.
We marched back to meet the enemy and remained out till dark. The sign of fear was not seen in our camp. And had not some of the cowardly and disaffected inhabitants.
Spread false alarms through the country. The jerseys had never been ravaged once more. We are again collected and collecting our new army at our army at our new army at both ends of the continent is.
Recruiting. Fast and we shall be able to open the next campaign with 60000. Well armed and closed our this is our situation and who will may know it by perseverance and fortitude.
We have the prospect of a glorious issue by cowardice and submission. The sad choice of a variety of evils. A ravaged country a de populated city habitations.
Without safety and slavery. Without hope our homes turned into barracks and body houses for hessians and a future razed to provide for whose fathers. We shall doubt of look on this picture and weep over it and if there yet remains one thoughtless wretch.
Who believes it not let him suffer. It unlamented december 23rd 1776. .
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